Journal of Education & Social Policy

ISSN 2375-0782 (Print) 2375-0790 (Online)

Using Bayesian Networks to Visually Compare the Countries: an Example from PISA
Seyfullah Tingir, MAE; Russell Almond, PhD

Abstract
Bayesian networks provide a graphical representation of a probability distribution where separation in the graph represents conditional independence of the corresponding variables. Finding a minimal Bayesian network, which expresses the conditional independence relationships among a set of variables, allows an analyst to visualize the relationship among the variables. This study applies a Bayesian network learning algorithm to data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 mathematics literacy data. Particularly, the relationship among the self-concept, self-efficacy, math interest, and math achievement are examined for both the United States and Turkey. Comparing the Bayesian networks illustrates the different relationships between self-efficacy and math achievement for the students from the two countries.

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